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Proxy vs. VPN: 8 Differences You Should Know

Proxy vs. VPN: 8 Differences You Should Know
Sep 27, 2022
VPN and proxy are two different ways to surf on the internet securely and freely. Since they have their own pros and cons, you need to know the differences before deciding which one you want to use.
Berktug Mutlu
Proxy vs. VPN: 8 Differences You Should Know - FastVPN
In the battle of Proxy vs VPN, the two might seem comparable. After all, both use off-site servers to protect your identity and hide your location. However, only one of these two is effective at protecting your identity.
But when comparing the two services, there are some extreme differences. Below, we will let you know about proxy servers, compare them to VPNs, and know which is better for your needs.

What is a Proxy Server?

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A proxy server is a middleman between your home network and the internet. It translates traffic between you and the internet, acting as a firewall and web filter for your security.
The ultimate benefit of a proxy server is providing you with a masked IP address. This feature enables you to hide your physical location and IP, providing you with better security than a standard gateway.
There are numerous types of proxies. Here are a few of the most common ones:
  • Web – Specifically protects web traffic and HTTP requests
  • Anonymous – This proxy protects and obscures your IP address. Advanced forms of this proxy include the Tor Onion network.
  • Reverse – Defends you from requests from external servers (includes web traffic and application traffic)
  • Transparent – Protects external data but allows internal entities to track your web traffic easily (i.e., home network)
  • Distorting – Creates a masked IP address to fool trackers.
There are also different protocols for proxies. These include SOCKS, FTP, HTTP, and SSL. These protocols are much like how VPNs operate, providing further security layers.

Why You Should Use a Proxy Server

Proxy servers are best for situations with a specific site or app target. For example, many people use proxies to confuse streaming services into thinking you live elsewhere.
If your only goal is to hide against media streaming, proxies are acceptable.

Why You Shouldn’t Use a Proxy Server

Proxy servers do not hide your identity or encrypt your data. Despite masking your IP, most of the other information behind your IP is there.
Given that proxy servers are free, many of them make money from selling your data. The entities behind these servers like to stay anonymous because of these practices.

Pros and Cons of Using a Proxy Server

Hides your IP address
Some proxy servers are not secure
Offers consistent results
It doesn’t encrypt data
Unblocks geo-locked websites
Some proxies track your information
Faster loading times due to cached data
A proxy might not be compatible with your network

What is a VPN?

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A VPN is a Virtual Private Server. It protects your traffic and connection logs while encrypting all data sent and received from your computer. For more details on VPNs, check out our sister article.

Why You Should Use a VPN

VPNs are your test tool if you want to prevent governments, internet service providers, and hackers from stealing your data. This security tool encrypts your connection and traffic logs using ciphers, algorithms built to scramble your data.
These ciphers are not part of proxies, making VPNs way more secure. They also offer IP-concealing features with fewer risks regarding network compatibility because they are part of your computer as VPN client software.

Why You Shouldn’t Choose a VPN

VPNs can be a nuisance if you operate in a capacity that requires you to share personal data consistently. For example, those who drive for Uber, Doordash, or other location-driven services would not effectively use VPNs.
Sometimes local banks will throw up major red flags if you come in from another country. So if you run into issues logging in at your bank, they might require you to connect to a server in your country before you can complete any transactions.

Using a VPN – Pros and Cons

Hides your IP address
It doesn’t work well with location services
Scrambles your connection and traffic logs
Requires extra steps with your local bank
Unblocks geo-locked websites
Less reputable VPNs will sell your data
Protects you from unwanted eyes
It can be slow if you connect to a distant server

Proxy vs VPN – Which is More Secure

When asking which is more secure, VPNs easily win this competition. Proxies were never intended to be complete security.
While proxies are great for simple unblocking services, they are not great for hiding your internet activity. There is no data encryption, which is a primary feature of VPNs.
Here is a quick roundup comparison between the two so you can better decide which is better:
Free (mostly)
Paid and free
IP Protection
Web Protection
One app or website
All connections
Geo-Location Masking?
Slows Connection Speed?

Proxy vs VPN: A List of Seven Differences

While there are numerous similarities between the two platforms, there are just as many fundamental differences between the two. Below, we will go through eight of those differences to know what will work best for you.

#1: Proxy Servers Do Not Hide Your Web Activity

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Proxies cannot be 100% secure because of their inability to hide traffic. While proxies act as a layer of privacy, they do not protect browsing data.
This data is still accessible to dedicated hackers who want access to your information. Specifically, your connection logs and traffic logs are still available.
Proxies do provide web security by hiding your IP address. However, that often isn’t enough for complete protection for your surfing data.

#2: Proxy Servers are Usually Free

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There are numerous VPNs with enhanced privacy levels. However, many of those VPNs require significant payments.
By comparison, proxies typically require little to no payments. There are way more free proxy servers than there are VPN servers, which can be a benefit to your wallet.
When using some of these free services, be sure to check the company’s privacy policy. Typically, businesses that operate purely on a free model can sell user data, which is a terrible business practice.
However, some providers offer free services to encourage you to get their paid services. These providers are typically the ones you should use. Regardless of either case, your chosen provider needs to prove their dedication to your online privacy.

#3: VPNs Encrypt Your Connection and Traffic Logs

Regardless of what server you access, encryption is the key to anonymity online and protection against privacy invasion. Only VPNs offer protection against government surveillance, ISP tracking, and hacker protection.
Much of this comes from choosing VPNs that specifically mention protecting your connection and traffic logs. These logs contain a record of where you’ve been and what you have done there.
This exposure allows advertisers to target you directly and criminals to get a good idea of who you are. They use this information as a form of social manipulation, calling your bank and regular services to try and get personal data.
Good proxies will confuse data but never hide it. VPNs encrypt all information you do not willingly provide to a business.

#4: Proxy Servers are Generally Slower

Because of proxy servers’ general “freeness,” they are pretty busy. Many of these servers are public without paying anything, making them relatively attractive.
The problem with this open access comes in slowness. Because proxies cannot determine and sort people, everyone will load onto the first server.
May users of proxy services don’t see them as a long-term solution. Instead, they work better as a short-term fix in a pinch.
With speed being a concern, many streaming services are out of reach. But some VPNs suffer from the same problem. So be picky and run a few tests to see your options.
The Fast VPN prides itself on being a speedy VPN service. After all, it is in our title.

#5: Proxies Have Alternative Modes of Use

Despite online proxies being a privacy solution, not all are made alike. Some are made for the opposite, tracking your data and selling them to third-party providers.
Sometimes, nosey parents (or business owners) use transparent proxies to discover what their kids are doing. This situation can be helpful in limited scenarios but does raise significant privacy concerns.
There are alternative benefits to proxies that VPNs do not have in this case. This process includes specialized blocking in cases where you think a VPN is overkill (i.e., blocking one website or app)

#6: VPNs Include Data Encryption

Regardless of what type of proxy you use, none of them will encrypt your data. As an online security feature, VPNs are much more effective.
Encryption is the process of taking your data and scrambling it using an algorithmic generator. To unscramble it, you would need access to a decryption device working at the same level.
There are numerous encryption types that hackers cannot crack to this day. Here are some of the most robust encryption methods:
  • RSA & Rivest-Shamir-Alderman
  • Blowfish & Twofish
  • AES (Advanced Encryption Standard. Specifically, limited to 256-bit keys)
  • Triple DES (Data Encryption Standard)
Without encryption, VPNs wouldn’t have the enhanced security we come to expect.

#7: Proxies Are Effective At Blocking One Application or Website

In situations where automatic security isn’t your priority, proxy servers offer more straightforward control measures. Proxies are better if you want a layer of security between you and one site.
Online services, like Google, Amazon, or Facebook, trade your data in exchange for services. Those who don’t care for this will find proxies more situationally helpful.
For example, accessing another country’s version of Netflix is more cost-effective through proxies. However, VPNs are still much better overall due to a total lack of security under any proxy.

#8: VPNs are Better for Public Networks

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If you go to your local coffee house and access their public Wi-Fi network, you might want to think twice. Hackers regularly access these public networks to gather your information.
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